Rome, one of the most beautiful cities in Italy, is a place which make a name for itself all over the world in many fields such as art, history, architecture and fashion. In the city which is like an open air museum, many ancient ruins, art galleries, museum options can be seen.
Although Rome is rich about in museums and art galleries, sometimes it may be necessary to wait long queues to enter a museum. So it may be useful to do the necessary research and get a fast track ticket or make a reservation before you go. Let's go into detail without being wordy. Here are the finest museums and art galleries of Rome:
1) Vatican Museums
The Vatican Museums situated in the Vatican, which is within the borders of Rome and considered as one of the world's smallest states, is located in the papal palace since the 13th century.
The museums have a unique collection of five centuries. The building built for the renaissance papas was enlarged in the 18th century. The section and the artifacts you should definitely see when you come to the Vatican Museums are: Sistine Chapel, where the world famous paintings and works are exhibited, Raphael's Rooms, the spiral staircase constructed by Giuseppe Momo in 1932, Atrium with its Four Gates, Cortile della Pigna which is a giant pine cone, inner courtyard Cortile Ottagonale in the octagonal form, The spiral Bramante Stairs, built by Pope Julius II, The Gallery of the Candelabra which Greek and Roman sculptures are displayed, St. Hieronymus sculpture of Leonardo da Vinci found in the 19th century, The Hall of Busts which the emperors and Roman nobility are described, Hall of Animals which animals are shown, The Belvedere Apollo, considered a replica of its Greek original, The Laokoon statue dating from the 1st century AD, Niccoline Chapel, Borgia Apartments, which modern art collection can be seen, The Belvedere Torso, which depicts Hercules, Saint Hieronymus made by Leonardo da Vinci, and many other famous and valuable works.
The Vatican Museums are at the top of places you should to see, when you come to Rome. But you may have to wait several hours to see these museums, which have more than 6 million visitors a year. If you do not want to wait in the museum queue you can get your ticket from the internet. Depending on the tourist season, it will be wise to buy your ticket at least 1 week 10 days in advance. You can get your ticket by choosing the day and time you want from the internet. Do not forget to take the confirmation mail with you by printing out that comes out on the screen after payment. While going to the Vatican Museums, there may be fiddlers along the way who tell you that internet tickets are not valid, don't mind. Go on and enter without waiting for the long ticket queue.
If your time is limited, be sure to visit the Sistine Chapel and Raphael's Rooms, which are from the most important sections of the Vatican museums. World famous works situated at Sistine Chapel are: Adam and Eve, Genesis, Prophets and Sibyls, Old Testament scenes and the ancestors of Jesus, Scenes from the Life of Jesus, Christ Handing the Keys to St Peter, Scenes of the Life of Moses, The Punishment of Korah by Botticelli.
As in many other buildings in Rome, it is requested that the clothes of men and women are suitable for this holy place. It is not allowed to enter inside with inappropriate clothes. Also flash photography is prohibited for the reason that it can damage the works, and taking a photograph in Sistine Chapel is prohibited.
Address: Viale Vaticano, 00165, Rome, Italy
Transportation: You can get here from the Ottaviano San Pietro or Cipro Musei Vaticani stop via red A line metro. You can visit the museums by one of the buses numbered 32, 49, 81, 492, 982, 990 or by the tram numbered 19 by getting off in the stop of Piazza del Risorgimento.
2) Galleria Borghese
Galleria Borghese, one of the world's smallest but most beautiful and famous galleries, is a gallery which classical, Renaissance and Neo-Classical period artifacts are exhibited.
Galleria Borghese, one of Rome's most important art galleries, is located in a villa in a very green garden. With the protection of Bernini and Caravaggio by the cardinal of the period, their works reached the present day.
The most famous and popular works in this gallery are: Apollo ve Daphne, The Rape of Persephone, Davud sculptures, Aeneas and Anchises sculpture and many more.
It is necessary to book a ticket to visit Galleria Borghese. Groups of 360 people are taken to the gallery in order. Tickets are also quickly consumed. It would be useful to have your ticket long before your travels. You must reserve a minimum of 2 hours to visit this place. An important advice: If you use the stairs to the right of the corner of the ticket office instead of the main entrance, you can reach the art gallery on the first floor without going into the crowd below.
Address: Piazzale Scipione Borghese, 5, 00197 Rome, Italy
Transportation: You can reach the gallery by getting off the metro at Spagna station or getting off bus numbered 166 at Barberini metro station.
Visiting Times: It can be visited on Tuesday – Sunday from 08:30 to 19:30.
Entry Fee: The full ticket for the gallery is 15 Euro, the discount ticket is 8.5 Euro.
3) Musei Capitolini
The Musei Capitolini, located at the Capitolini Hill, the religious center of ancient Rome, is a magnificent place. The building also dazzle as architecture as well as precious works which exhibit in it. When you come to the Musei Capitolini, you must definitely see the Emperors Hall which the portraits of the Imperial rulers are exhibited, brilliant Capitolino Venus sculpture, the Marforio statue depicting the god of river, the Old Drunken Woman statue, a Roman replica of the Greek statue of the 3rd century BC.
The view of the city on the terrace of the cafe behind the Palazzo dei Conservatori is very beautiful. After your visit to the museum you can take a break here and enjoy the view.
Address: Piazza del Campidoglio, 1, 00186 Rome, Italy
Transportation: You can reach Musei Capitolini by getting off at Colosseo, Cavour or Circo Massimo stop.
Visiting Times: The museum can be visited from 09:30 to 19:30. Last entry is 1 hour ago from closing time.
Entry fee: You can enter the gallery for 15 Euro. For Romans, this fee is 13 Euro.
4) Museo Nazionale Romano
The Roman National Museum is located on a very large area. After an arrangement and renovation work in 1998, antique mosaics and frescoes as well as sculptures have begun to be exhibited. On Museo Nazionale Romano, one of the most important museums of Rome, The statue of Augustus who is the first emperor of Rome, Triclinium Frescoes, bronze Dionysos Statue, must be definitely seen.
Address: Largo Villa Peretti, 2, 00185 Rome, Italy
Transportation: You can reach the museum by going down at Termini or Repubblica metro stations.
Visiting Times: The museum is open between 9 am and 7 pm.
Entry Fee: 3 days ticket is 11 Euros.
5) Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Antica
This famous gallery of Rome, is located on two different building being Palazzo Barberini and Palazzo Corsini.
Address: Palazzo Barberini Via Barberini, 00036 Palestrina RM, Italy / Palazzo Corsini Via della Lungara, 10, 00165 Rome, Italy
Transportation: You can reach Palazzo Barberini by getting off at Ottaviano metro station and you can reach Palazzo Corsini by getting off at Pantano metro station.
Visiting Times: Galleria Corsini can be visited on Wednesday – Monday from 08:30 to 19:30; Galleria Barberini can be visited on Tuesday – Sunday from 08:30 to 19:00.
Entry Fee: Palazzo Barberini full ticket is 10, discount ticket is 5 euros; Palazzo Corsini full ticket is 5, discount ticket is 2.5 euros.