St. Peter's Basilica located in the Vatican is one of the most important structures of the Christian world. The structure which is pilgrimage point of the Roman Catholics, is the biggest church in the world and 60,000 people can fit into it at the same time. This famous church of the Vatican is a giant with dimensions of 222 meters in length and 138 meters in height.
In the 2nd century BC, a monument was erected on where the grave of St. Peter is situated, and then, on this spot, first basilica was built in M.S 349 with the order of Emperor Constantinus. In the 15th century, instead of the original basilica which was tend to be broken down, a new one was made. The construction of the current basilica was started in 1506 in the period of Pope Julius II. The basilica, whose construction contined for more than 100 years, was completed in 1612 during the reign of Pope Paul VI. According to the legend, the basilicas were built in 67 BC at the point where crucifixion was came true.
Renaissance masters such as Michelangelo, Donato Bramante and Raphael worked in the design of St. Peter's Basilica.
Important Sections of St. Peter's Basilica
Dome: The most important part of the basilica. The 136,5 meter dome, which is in harmony with the splendid interior of the basilica was completed 26 years after the death of Michelangelo. If you want, you can go up the dome and enjoy the magnificent view. From this point, St. Peter's Square and the rest of the city look great. But to go up the dome, you need to face up to 330 steps. Going up the dome is a charge and visit times differ.
Pieta: It is one of the most important works of St. Peter's Basilica. On the statue, Mary is delineated as embracing the crucified body of Jesus and mourning. Michelangelo was only 25 years old when he introduced this masterpiece in 1499. The sculpture has been exhibited in a special glass section since 1972.
Baldachin: Bronze canopy carried by spiral columns, is 20 meters tall and designed by Bernini in the 17th century.
Statue of Saint Peter: It is a bronze sculpture made by the sculptor Arnolfo di Cambio in the 13th century. Visitors often want to touch and kiss the foot of the statue, for this reason long queues can often occur in this section.
Interesting goods such as bronze pilgrimage inlaid with jewelry which remained from the 6th century is exhibited in the Tresure section of the Basilica. One of Bernini's last works, Alexander VII Monument is among the other important parts of St. Peter's Basilica.
Add this world's most famous basilica located in the Vatican to your list of places to visit in Rome.
St. Peter's Basilica Visiting Informations
- Address: Piazza San Pietro, Roma
- Transportation: You can reach Basilica by taking the bus numbered 62 or by getting off the bus on "Ottaviano S. Pietro" stop.
- Visiting Informations: Basilica 07.00-19.00 (October-March 18.00), Vatican Grottos 07: .00-18.00 (October-March 17.00), Dome 08.00-17.00 (Chargeable) every day.