Piazza Navona Square and Fountain of Four Rivers, Rome

Navona Square (Piazza Navona) is one of the most beautiful and lively squares of Rome. The square located in the heart of the city is constantly round the clock lively. There was a stadium built by Emperor Domitian in the 1st century AD on the area where the square in shape of the elliptical is located. With the destruction of the stadium with a capacity of 30.000 people over the years, and after Pope Innocent X (1644-1655) requested the reorganization of the territory, Navona Square revived. Although the Domitian Stadium was built 2000 years ago, it is still possible to see the shape of the stadium in the square. Today, the part of the square separated for pedestrians was constituting the playing field of the stadium, and the buildings around also was constituting tribuned of the stadium.

Today, the square which is separated for the pedestrians, is lively during the day with cafes, peddlers and street demonstrators. The most famous of the three fountains located in the square is the Fountain of Four Rivers, designed by Bernini. Just behind the fountain is Sant Agnese in Agone Church. San Luigi dei Francesi, one of Rome's most famous churches, is located right behind the buildings. Most of the buildings around Navona Square remained from the 16th and 17th centuries.

piazza navona

Fountain of Four Rivers

Fountain of Four Rivers is the most famous among fountains located in Rome. The fountain located in Navona Square, one of the most beautiful and lively squares in the city, was made in 1651 by Gian Lorenzo Bernini for Pope Innocent X.

fountain of four rivers

The design of the fountain was determined as a result of a competition and its name comes from four gods of four rivers in four continents. These rivers are: the Nile in Africa, the Ganges in Asia, the Danube in Europe, and the Plata in America. The obelisk situated in the middle of the fountain remained from the Roman period. There are the hieroglyphs of the names of Emperor Vespasianus, Titus and Domitian on it. Absolutely add this famous point of the city to your list of places to visit in Rome.

How to Get to Navona Square?

The square can be reached by buses numbered 70, 81, 116, 186 and 492.

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