The Pantheon is a temple which all the gods of the ancient Roman period are located. The Pantheon means "temple of all gods" in Latin. When it is compared to other temples that remain to nowadays, it is one of the best preserved from the AD 2nd century until today.
Althought the Pantheon, which also possess the greatest dome feature without the need for support, in the history of architecture, was originally built as a Roman temple, later turned to the Catholic Church.
The most incredible thing to know about is that the height of the rounded glass at the top are on same size as its diameter. (43.3 meters)
In fact, it was firstly built in BC 27, but the whole building was destroyed in a result of a giant fire. Current building was built during the reign of Emperor Hadrian in 125 AD. It was made in the same way as the original by staying true to the inscriptions located on the bricks.
The Pantheon building consists of a ring shaped glass which has giant granite columns of 3 layers and which is called as the giant eye located in the center of the dome.
Before the Pantheon, there were two different buildings. The first is a traditional "T" shaped temple built in 27 AD by Marcus Agrippa, the son-in-law of Emperor Augustus and this temple was dedicated to the gods of Mars and Venus.
The biggest problem the Romans had when they were building this building, was the weight of the giant dome. Because of this, 60 tons of giant columns were brought from Egypt. In the Pantheon there are also sarcophagis of Raphael and many Italian kings. Visit the glorious temple which is among the places to visit in Rome.
How to Get to Pantheon?
Address: Piazza della Rotonda, Rome, Italy
Transportation: Buses numbered C3, 40, 46, 62, 63, 64, 70, 81, 87, 116, 119, 492, 628 and the tram numbered 8.
- Visiting hours: Monday to Saturday 09:00 to 19:00, Sunday 09:00 to 18:00, closed in public holidays. Entrance is free.