When you come to a city, only transportation options, architectural works, social facilities are not show how advanced the city is. The green area and parks located in the heart of the city, how much they are preserved or used, are also developmental indicators.
If you have a plan to travel to Rome in the near future, you will have plenty of options concerning gardens. Rome is famous not only for its artistic, architectural, historical, religious, gastronomic aspects but also for its beautiful green spaces located on four sides of the city. Here are the 5 most beautiful parks of Rome:
1) Villa Borghese
Villa Borghese, one of the city's most popular green field, consists of a villa and a park. The park was designed in 1605 for Cardinal Borghese who is nephew of Pope Paules. The park which 400 pine trees planted during its construction, has turned into a giant forest with the growth of these in time. Villa Ludovisi and other buildings of the period were taken as examples in the impressive garden arrangement.
Villa Borghese underwent a rooted renovation work, with the choosing a more natural look of the garden heirs in the 18th century.
In the 19th century, Prince Camillo Borghese provided it to begun to be exhibited in the section that is a museum nowadays, by bringing a collection of arts together.
You can enter to the park from the monumental entrance of the Piazzale Flaminio, Porta Pinciana or Pincio Gardens. In the middle of the park you can see the lake called Giardino del Lago. There are many temples that attract attention in Villa Borghese. The most famous of these is the temple dedicated to Aesculapius located on the lake. Located on top of the artificial lake, this temple is dedicated to the god of health. In the lake ducks float, there are places around to walk, open areas decorated with sculptures. The most known of these sculptures is Art Nouveau Fontana dei Fauni, located on the south of the lake.
Located between Piazza di Siena and Porta Pinciana, the Diana Temple, Canina's work Fortezzaola that is nearby, are other important places.
Villa Borghese, the largest green area of Rome, is founded on a land of 1700 acres. Villa Borghese has three world famous museums. These museums are Galleria Borghese, Villa Giulia and Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna. You can come to this complex to enjoy the nature, to walk, to run and to relax. The Vatican's Italian Embassy is also here.
Address: Between Via Flaminia and Via Pinciana, 00197, Rome, Italy
Getting there: You can arrive here from the "Flaminia" or "Spagna" stops by metro or by one of buses numbered 52, 53, 88, 95, 116, 490, 495.
2) Villa Celimontana
Another famous park of Rome, Villa Celimontana was built in 1522. The region is located at Caelian Hill. It is the place where the Mattei family continues the tradition of giving food to pilgrims and where the visiting of the Seven Churches was put into effect. This place is also an ideal place for a picnic. It is also a nice option to dine and participate in concerts especially during the summer days when the weather is nice.
It is also possible to see the art collection of the Mattei family in the garden. One of the symbols of Villa Celimontana, which was opened to the public in 1926, is the obelisk dating from 1582. Although the obelisk at 2.68 meters high has been replaced several times, it can now be seen in Rome's famous park Villa Celimontana.
Address: Via della Navicella, 00184 Rome, Italy
Getting there: You can get here by buses numbered 673, 792 from Circo Massimo or Colosso metro stops.
Pincio is the green area that makes up the western part of Villa Borghese, one of the Rome's famous parks. This section located on Piazza del Popolo; is home to Important Italians' busts, an extraordinary water clock and the San Carlino Marionette Theater. The gardens, designed by Giuseppe Valadier at the beginning of the 19th century, has become one of the favorite places of authors with its romantic atmosphere.
The garden is in an excellent position to view the Popolo neighborhood that is just below Piazza Napoleone and the St. Peter's Church in the distant.
Address: Viale Gabriele D'Annunzio, 00187 Rome, Italy
Getting there: You can get there by landing at Flaminiometro station.
4) Villa Doria Pamphilj
One of the most beautiful parks of Rome, which is also famous for its green areas is Villa Doria Pamphilj. The park remains from the 17th century. First constructed as a villa for the Pamphilj family, the structure was later developed and enriched. When you come to this area, you can enjoy vases, greenhouses, fountains, sculptures as well as you can enjoy sports on the field splitted for jogging and walking. This area was used even in the Olympics in 1960. The Villa Doria Pamphilj is also an ideal place to enjoy picnics and scenery.
Address: Viadi S. Pancrazio, 00152 Rome, Italy
Getting there: From Piramide, Cipro or Valle Aurelia metro stations, you can get here.
5) Orto Botanico
If you feel Rome is very touristy and crowded you can come to Orto Botanico to get away from it. With over 7,000 plant species in elegant botanical gardens, it offers you a unique experience in the heart of the city.
Today, Orto Botanico belongs to the University of Rome and also attracts attention with its exotic part as well as its original plant varieties. Orto Botanico is a place definitely for you if you are interested in botany and want to learn! It is one of the most beautiful little botanical parks in Europe, not just of Italy. It was built on 12 hectares in 1883 and reach the present day.
Address: Palazzo corsini, Largo Cristina di Svezia, 24, 00165 Rome, Italy
Getting there: You can come here from Ottaviano or Spagna metro stations.
Entry fee: 8 Euro.