Austria's capital city, Vienna, is one of the most visited cities in Europe. He owes his magic to his rich history and his extraordinary geographical position. Vienna, a gateway between the West and Eastern Europe for centuries, was once the birthplace of the Habsburgs, the powerful dynasty. Today, Vienna is always at the top of the world's livable cities.
The city clearly show its magic, atmosphere and magnificent architecture. That is why we recommend you to travel slowly without bringing the city in haste. The small Viennese cafes that can stand out in almost every street are just one of the experiences that appeal to both the audience and the palate.
Places To Visit in Vienna
Visiting the center of Vienna is possible on foot. The historic streets of Vienna were built in a circle called the Ringstraße. Such as the impressive city hall Rathaus, University of Vienna from the oldest universities, Hotel Imperial, where young Hitler works in construction, the famous postal building Postsparkasse and the Austrian Parliament building, very important buildings of the city are on this route. There are actually dozens of tiny little places we can get on the list. Thinking about our impatient and hasty personality, we put the most visible places on the list. After seeing a spot on the route, take a break in a nearby café and continue on foot to explore the city.
1) Hofburg Imperial Palace
The Hofburg Imperial Palace is the administrative center of the Habsburgs for exactly 600 years and also the place where all Austrian rulers have lived since 1275. The Hofburg is a very important palace in the terms of Austria's history. The palace, which is also the official seat of the Austrian president, has an architecture that carries traces of the Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque and Rococo movements. The complex covers an area of 59 hectares and has 18 buildings, including 19 courtyards and 2,600 rooms, among them.
2) St. Stefan Cathedral
St. Stefan Cathedral is the most important Gothic building and church of the archbishop of Vienna since 1722. It was originally built as a Romanesque church in the 12th century, but it was changed in the 13th century. The remaining ones are the giant entrance gate and the Heathen Towers. The next change was made in the Gothic style in the 14th century, and in addition to the cathedral, the church choir and Eligius, Tirna and St. Catherine's chapels were added. The famous Tower of Steffl at the 137 mt is a work belonging to the 15th century.
Renovations continuing until the 17th and 19th centuries, ended with World War II, and the church was completely destroyed and rebuilt. Steffl's Observation Room, exactly 343 steps are required to get out is spectacular to see the wonderful view of Vienna. Another area that can be seen is the Cathedral Treasury, which houses many valuable treasures related to the 14th century underground cemeteries and the cathedral.
3) Spanish Riding School
The Spanish Riding School was founded in 1562 while Emperor Maximilian was introducing the famous Lipizzaner horses to the society. Today it has become one of Vienna's leading entertainment venues. The baroque winter riding school at the Hofburg Palace offers outstanding performances. Tickets run out very quickly, so try to get them as early as possible.
4) Vienna State Opera House
The Vienna State Opera House is one of the largest and most extraordinary theaters in the world. Today's huge Opera Hall was built in 1869 and has all the features of French Renaissance architecture. It has a beauty that most prominent composers, dancers and singers bow in front of. When you come in, with a gigantic ladder and incredible wall processes, a tea room which make a strong impression, are the places first visited by the visitors. The hall, which can accommodate 2,211 spectators and 110 musicians, is also where the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra is performing. The opera and ballet are being shown at least 300 times a year, and this interest in artistry dates back to 1625 which the first Viennese Kingdom Opera took stage.
5) Schönbrunn Palace and Gardens
Schönbrunn Palace is one of the most magnificent architects of the 18th century. According to us, this is the top of the list of places to visit in Vienna. In the most beautiful example of baroque architecture, there are 1,441 rooms and houses, including the house of the Empress Maria Theresa. When you joined the palace tour, you can also see the imperial houses and the bed where Franz Joseph draw his last breath. The exquisite furnishings, the garden houses and the flower-painted kitchen designed by the girls which you can see in the rooms of Maria Theresa, are the most interesting parts of the turquoise.
Schönbrunn Park and Gardens are definitely a section that should not be missed. The garden, which achieved to enter the UNESCO World Heritage List, reflects a full Baroque style. Countless works and especially all the buildings, especially the 1883 palm house, are history treasures waiting to be discovered. If you are visiting with your children, you should also visit the Children's Museum. They may feel like a member of royal family for a short period of time by trying little princess and princess outfits.
6) Belvedere Palace
Belvedere Palace is one of Vienna's most popular tourist attractions and consists of two magnificent Baroque buildings; Lower Belvedere (Unteres) and Upper Belvedere (Oberes). What you can see in Upper Belvedere is a big salon which is on the ground floor and equipped with sculptures and ceremonial stairs. On the Lower Belvedere, the historical sculptures that you can find in the Marble Gallery and wonderful frescoes covering the ceiling of the Marble Hall are the first one to bounce. The most striking building is the Winter Palace, which was once used as a reign of reign and has Baroque architecture. The Belvedere Gardens and Fountains are also the common area connecting these two palaces. Also a place we definitely recommend to be seen is the huge collection of artwork which home to sculptures and paintings made by very important artists living in the 12th and 16th centuries.
7) Karl Church
The Karl Church (Karlskirche), made in the name of St.Charles Borromeo and one of the most important works of Vienna's religious Baroque architecture. This large structure has a 72 meter dome and the famous 33 meter twin towers. The famous St. Cecilia frescoes that you can see inside, will make very happy to who love history. Also, Gardekirche which built in 1763 was used as an imperial hospital in the south of the city and later served for Polish conventions. But what is interesting here is the picture on the high altar.
8) Austrian Parliament Building
As an administrative center since 1918, The Austrian Parliament Building must be seen with its impressive architecture. Completed in 1883, the building is very rich in the terms of columns and has a very strong Greek influence. Another impressive place is the Pallas Athene Fountain in front of the building. The four-meter-high statue has a magnificent structure with its gilt helmet and spear. The figures standing next to the statue represent Danube, Inn, Elbe and Moldau rivers.
9) St. Peter's Church
St. Peter's church was made in a similar manner to its counterpart in Rome. The church has a huge dome dating from the 18th century and very beautiful frescoes in present day. One of the other important places is the Barbara Chapel with its magnificent entrance. In the chapel, there is also a glorious altar and a painting called "perfect concept".
In addition, the 21-meter-long Plague Column faces as a monument for the plague which emerged in 1679 and lead to more than 75,000 Viennese deaths. The Scottish Monastery which located next to it, was also built in the 12th century and it constantly growed and developped from day to day. Among those trained in the monastery are names such as Johann Strauss and Charles I, the last emperor of Austria. The works of art inside were made between the 16th and 19th centuries
Of course there are many more places to visit in Vienna. Another favorite part of us is the MuseumsQuartier, the museum district. The Kunsthistorisches Museum located in Cultural Center facing largest area in Vienna, reveals the precious commodities of Habsburg Dynasty. Museumsquartier Vienna which is home to art museums such as Architecture Museum, Kunsthalle Wien, Leopold Museum and many activity areas, is one of the places that should be visited.